Each Keynote presentation is associated with a theme. Even if this theme is the blank theme. All themes have common slide layout masters, and we can switch between these masters at any time.
To change a slide layout master, click on the slide you would like to change.
Each Keynote Theme comes with a set of text styles. This is a selection of fonts and colors that are designed to work with the theme. They are usually designed and setup by a graphics designer. The Styles are designed to work with specific parts of a slide but they can be used anywhere. We usually don’t have to worry about applying a style if we work with the slide themes as they are set. If we decide to place and position our own text boxes, then using the styles becomes very important. Text styles keep our presentation looking consistent.
In this slide layout, we have two text boxes. When we select a text box, the panel on the right updates to provide the tools we need to work with the text.
Most Keynote themes include placeholder images as part of the slide layout master. We can replace these images with images of our own. To replace this image, we’ll click on the image.
We are usually comfortable selecting the theme we’ve always used and the size we prefer for presentations, but there are times when we need to change not only the theme but also the dimensions of the presentation. For example, we may need to change from a standard size presentation to a wide size presentation or vise versa. It’s very easy to switch from one to another but the changes that occur after could prove frustrating. In this example, I have a presentation that was created using the standard size format and theme.
Keynote prompts us to select a theme when we first create a slide show. We don’t have to stay with this theme. We can easily switch between themes until we find one that works well with our content.
To change the theme, click on the document section and click the change theme button.
As we create styles for our documents, we need to be aware of what style will be applied to the next paragraph. With styles created based on the normal style, this is usually the same style again. This can cause problems with very specialized styles like the one in this example. This attribution style is aligned to the right and has a different font style from the rest of the body text.
Microsoft Word comes with a set of basic paragraph styles. These styles can only take us so far when creating documents. Complex documents may need specialized styles to handles sections of text that are not part of the normal body text. These special formatting styles can include pull quotes, sidebars, and outlines.
In this example, we’ll work on a pull quote.
Paragraph styles can be used for much more than formatting text. With paragraph styles we can format line spacing, paragraph indents, and text alignment, to list a few. In this example, we’ll change the formatting of the paragraph to include a first line indent and additional spacing after each paragraph.
We’ll place the cursor anywhere on the paragraph we want to use. Paragraph formatting is applied to a complete paragraph so we don’t need to select text.
The default paragraph styles that come with Word are very simple and are there to get us started. We can modify these styles so they can be applied to our writing needs. For example, if we need the normal style to use Times New Roman instead of Calibri, we can modify the style.
The easiest way to modify a style is to modify the text that is based on the style we want to change. In this example, we will change the normal style font from Calibri to Times New Roman. We’ll select one or two words to update the style. We don’t need to select a complete sentence or paragraph because paragraph styles are applied to a complete paragraph. We just need to select some words to work with as a sample. Of course, if you like, you can select several sentences or a complete paragraph.
Start Word and create a new blank document. When we create a blank document, Word automatically applies basic paragraph styles. These styles have information about the font, font size, text alignment and even the font color. We can see this information on the Home tab. In this example, the paragraph font is set to Calibri 12 point, and the text is left aligned. This is just some of the information provided by paragraph styles.
The applications in iWork have a standard palette of colors used to change the color of fonts, shapes, and even the background color of slides in Keynote. This color palette has a set of 20 solid colors. The other colors are shades of the original colors. Color shades are created by adding black to a color.
The latest update to iWork Pages includes the functionality to include math symbols and operations in a document. To insert math symbols and operations we need to use the LaTeX typesetting markup language. The word LaTeX is pronounced LAH-tek or LAY-tek. This system is used to write documents in plain text format and is often used to format regular text with bold, italics, or justification. This formatting is done with a special set of instructions. The LaTeX code used to generate math symbols and equations is just a small part of what LaTeX does.
We need to learn how to use some simple commands to format math text. There isn’t a set of menu options to help with the instructions like a typical word processor. It brings back memories of the days when we typed all the commands on a computer using a command prompt. It might seem like coding or programming but it’s not. The codes we use change the formatting of text in a document. It is similar to HTML and CSS. In this case, it changes the formatting of letters and numbers to produce math symbols and formulas. The code isn't hard and we can do a great deal with just a few instructions.
In this lesson, we will learn a handful of instructions that can be used to produce basic equations and math problems. We can create more advanced mathematical text with LaTeX but that is beyond the scope of this blog post.
Open Pages and create a new document. Click on the Insert menu option.
Smart guides are useful when aligning objects in a variety of ways. They are also useful when resizing objects to match the size of other objects in a document. In this example I have two images aligned vertically to the left edge. One image is larger than the other.
In the last lesson we learned how to use smart guides to help us align the centers of object to our document and to other objects. Smart guides can also be used to align the edges of objects. This option is not automatically available. We need to enable it in preferences. To go to preferences, click on Keynote in the menu and select preferences.
One of the nice features across all iWorks applications is the integration of smart guides. Smart guides are those lines that appear as we move objects around in a document, slide or numbers sheet. They are referred to as smart guides because they are smart enough to detect the edges and centers of other objects. This is very helpful when we want to align objects relative to one another.
Smart guides are also useful for aligning objects to documents or slides. In this example smart guides are letting me know that the image is aligned horizontally to the center of the document.
If you are like me, you probably spend a lot of time working with iWorks documents in Keynote, Pages or Numbers. There are bound to be plenty of times when you often need to use the same lines or arrows multiple times in your document. This is where styles can make your job much easier. Think of styles like templates for your lines and arrows.
Use the various line tools to create a line shape you will need to use multiple times. These are the options I selected for the arrow shape I created.
When we place a line on our document, it’s placed at a degree angle. We can easily rotate our arrow by clicking and dragging on one of the endpoints. When we click on an endpoint the mouse arrow changes to opposing arrows and we see an information box with the current angle of our line. We also see the length of our line measured in points.
Lines have endpoints and we can change these to create arrows or pointers. Click on the endpoints pull down menu to see a list of options.
In iWorks, we can easily change the line thickness and color. Lines are referred to as strokes in iWorks. There are various ways to add color to lines and we will cover some of them in this lesson.
Here we see that the stroke is set to that squiggly line, the color is set to a red-orange and the thickness is set to six points.
Lines and shapes are a good way to make documents stand out or to add emphasis to content. Lines can be used as simple lines and they can also be used as arrows. There are a variety of shapes and they can be used in a variety of contexts to highlight media or content.
The line and shapes menu is located in the button bar. Click on the button to see a palette of lines and shapes. Click on the line tool to get started.